End plate (144)

Last updated September 10, 2019 by Tekla User Assistance tekla.documentation@trimble.com

Software version: 
2019i

End plate (144)

End plate (144)

End plate (144) connects a beam to a column or two beams to each other using a bolted end platecomponent object that represents a plate welded perpendicular to the end of the component secondary part

. The secondary part(1) part that exists in a building object and that is connected to the main part

(1) Secondary part can be an assembly secondary part or a cast unit secondary part.

(2) input part that the user selects after selecting the component main part when creating a component

(2) A component can have none, one or more component secondary parts.

can be leveled or sloped.

Objects created

  • End plate(1) part that represents a flat structure

    (1) In some contexts, for example in analysis, the term plate object may be used to refer to plates.

    (2) plate that represents a steel structure

    (2) Plate is mainly used as a connection piece or as a floor plate.

  • Bent plate(1) part that is created from contour plates, or beams whose profile is a plate

    (1) Bent plates can include conical or cylindrical sections.

    (1) Curved beams, spiral beams, or deformed parts cannot be used for creating a bent plate.

    (2) component object that represents an angle that is bent from a plate and that connects parts

  • Shimcomponent object that represents a plate that is used for filling clearances and gaps on the construction site

    plates (optional)

  • Stiffeners (optional)

  • Haunchcomponent object that represents a wedge-like structure that strengthens a beam at its end

    plates (optional)

  • Holes

  • Bolts

  • Seatcomponent object that represents a structure upon which a component secondary part rests

    angles

  • Welds

  • Cuts

Use for

Situation

Description

Beam-to-beam end plate connection.

The secondary part can either be leveled or sloped, or squared or skewed.

There are several notching options.

Beam-to-beam end plate connection.

Extended plate with or without haunch plates.

End plate connection to a column flange or web.

The secondary part can either be leveled or sloped, or squared or skewed.

Full depth end plate connection to a column flange or web.

The secondary part can either be leveled or sloped, or squared or skewed.

End plate connection to a column web.

Extended plate with haunch plates.

End plate connection to a column flange with column stiffener.

Column end plate connection.

The secondary part is rotated.

Selection order

  1. Select the main part(1) part that exists in a building object and that determines the position number for the assembly or cast unit and the direction of assembly or cast unit drawings

    (1) Main part can be an assembly main part or a cast unit main part.

    (2) input part that the user selects first when creating a component

    (2) Connections and details always have a component main part.

    (column or beam).

  2. Select the secondary part (beam).

    The connection is created automatically.

Part identification key

 

Part

1

End plate

2

Shim plate

3

Stiffener

4

Haunch plate

Note:

Tekla Structures uses values in the joints.def file to create this component. For more information , see Define connection properties in the joints.def file.

Example: Add an end plate using End plate (144)

In this example, you will connect a beam to a column using an end plate connection. End plate (144) connects two beams, or a beam to a column, using a bolted end plate.

  1. Click the Applications & components button in the side pane to open the Applications & components cataloguser interface for displaying or modifying information in categorized lists

    For example, profile catalog and shape catalog are catalogs.

    .

  2. Type 144 in the search box.
  3. Double-click End plate (144) to open the component properties.
  4. Click Apply to add the component using the default properties.
  5. Select the main part (column).
  6. Select the secondary part (beam).

    Tekla Structures automatically adds the connection when you select the beam.

Picture tab

Use the Picture tab to control the position of the end plate.

End plate position

 

Description

Default

1

End plate upper edge distance from the top of the secondary beam.

A positive value moves the top position closer to the beam center and thus decreases the plate size. Negative values increase the plate size.

10 mm

2

End plate lower edge distance from the bottom of the secondary beam.

 

3

Gap between the shim plate and the main part.

If the shim plate is not used, the defined gap is created between the end plate and the main part.

0

Plates tab

Use the Plates tab to control the size of the end plate, bent plate, and shim plates.

Plates

Option

Description

Default

End plate

End plate thickness, width and height.

The width and height are defined by the bolt group edge distances.

thickness = 10 mm

Folded Plate

Bent plate thickness, width and height.

The plate is created only if the plate thickness is given.

thickness = 0

width = bolt horizontal spacing value - (1.5*the bolt diameter)

height = 200 mm

Fitting plate 1, 2, 3

Shim plate thickness.

The plate is created only if the plate thickness is given.

You can define up to three different shim plates.

0

Number of fitting plates

Number of shim plates for each thickness.

By default, 1 plate is created.

Option

Description

Default

Pos_No

Prefix and start number for the part position number.

Some components have a second row of fields where you can enter the assembly position number.

The default part start number is defined in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Material

Material grade.

The default material is defined in the Part material box in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Name

Name that is shown in drawings and reports.

 

Finish

Describes how the part surface has been treated.

 

Bent shim plate length

Define the horizontal length of the bent shim platecomponent object that represents a plate that is used for filling clearances and gaps on the construction site

. The default is 10*bent plate thickness.

Shim plate position

Option

Description

Default

Shim plates are created outside the main part.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Shim plates are created outside the main part.

Shim plates are created inside the main part.

Shim plate shape

Option

Description

Default

Holes are based on the bolt group of the connection.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Holes are based on the bolt group of the connection.

Finger shim plate with horizontal slots.

The plate can be installed from the right or the left side of the connection.

Finger shim plate with vertical slots.

The plate can be installed from the top of the connection.

Two separate finger shim plates with horizontal slots.

Two separate finger shim plates with vertical slots.

Tolerance

Define the tolerance for the slots in finger shimshim plate with slots cut through the edge

plates. The width of the slot is the bolt diameter + the tolerance. For two separate shim plates, also define the tolerance between the plates.

Bolt edge distances in shim plate

Define the bolt edge distances for shim plates. When these fields are empty, shim plates are of the same size as the end plate.

 

Description

Default

1

Horizontal bolt edge distance in the shim plate.

30 mm

2

Vertical bolt edge distance in the shim plate.

30 mm

Gap size

Define the limit value for the gapany space between two objects

The term gap is used in its general sense in Tekla Structures.

between the end plate and the secondary beam. Use this when the beam is slightly curved or sloped to decide if the end angle is so small that the beam end can be straight.

If the actual gap is smaller than this value, the end of the beam is left straight.

If the actual gap is larger than this value, the end of the beam is fitted to the end plate.

Stiffeners tab

Use the Stiffeners tab to control the stiffenercomponent object that represents a structure that strengthens a steel beam or column

Stiffeners are usually plates.

Stiffeners are used to prevent web buckling at supports or concentrated loads.

plate dimensions, orientation, position, and type.

Stiffener plate dimensions

Option

Description

Top NS

Top near side stiffener thickness, width and height.

Top FS

Top far side stiffener thickness, width and height.

Bottom NS

Bottom near side stiffener thickness, width and height.

Bottom FS

Bottom far side stiffener thickness, width and height.

Option

Description

Default

Pos_No

Prefix and start number for the part position number.

Some components have a second row of fields where you can enter the assembly position number.

The default part start number is defined in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Material

Material grade.

The default material is defined in the Part material box in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Name

Name that is shown in drawings and reports.

 

Finish

Describes how the part surface has been treated.

 

Stiffener orientation

Option

Description

Default

Stiffeners are parallel to the secondary part.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Stiffeners are parallel to the secondary part.

Stiffeners are perpendicular to the main part.

Stiffener creation

Option

Description

Default

Stiffeners are created.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Automatic

Stiffeners are created when necessary.

No stiffeners are created.

Stiffeners are created.

Stiffener shape

Option

Description

Default

Line chamfered stiffener plates

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Automatic

Line chamfered stiffener plates

Square stiffener plates

Stiffener plates with a gap for the main part web rounding

Line chamfered stiffener plates

Stiffener positions

 

Description

1

Size of the gap between the stiffener and the beam web edge.

2

Size of the gap between the top near side stiffener and the beam flange edge.

3

Size of the gap between the bottom near side stiffener and the beam flange edge.

4

Size of the gap between the bottom far side stiffener and the beam flange edge.

5

Size of the gap between the top far side stiffener and the beam flange edge.

Chamfer dimensions

Description

Default

1

Vertical dimension of the chamfer.

10 mm

2

Horizontal dimension of the chamfer.

10 mm

Chamfer type

Option

Description

Default.

Line chamfer

AutoDefaults can change this option.

No chamfer

Line chamfer

Convex arc chamfer

Concave arc chamfer

Haunch tab

Use the Haunch tab to control the haunch plate creation and chamfers in the secondary beam flanges.

Haunch plates

Option

Description

Top plate

Top haunch plate thickness, width and height.

Bottom plate

Bottom haunch plate thickness, width and height.

Option

Description

Default

Pos_No

Prefix and start number for the part position number.

Some components have a second row of fields where you can enter the assembly position number.

The default part start number is defined in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Material

Material grade.

The default material is defined in the Part material box in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Name

Name that is shown in drawings and reports.

 

Finish

Describes how the part surface has been treated.

 

Haunch plate chamfers

Description

1

Width of the top haunch plate chamfer.

2

Height of the top haunch plate chamfer.

3

Height of the bottom haunch plate chamfer.

4

Width of the bottom haunch plate chamfer.

Chamfer type

Option Description

Default

Line chamfer

AutoDefaults can change this option.

No chamfer

Line chamfer

Convex arc chamfer

Concave arc chamfer

Haunch plate creation

Option

Description

Default

Top and bottom haunch plates are created, if needed.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Automatic

Top or bottom haunch plate or both are created, if needed.

Top and bottom haunch plates are created.

To create a single plate, enter 0 in the thickness ( t ) field for the plate you do not need (top or bottom plate).

Haunch plates are not created.

Notch tab

Use the Notch tab to automatically create notches for the secondary beam and to control the notchcut in one component object or input part for receiving another component object or input part

properties. The Notch tab has two sections: automatic properties (top section) and manual properties (bottom section). Automatic and manual notching properties work independently from each other.

Automatic notching

Automatic notching options affect both the top and the bottom flange.

Notch shape

Automatic notching is switched on when you select a notch shape.

Option

Description

Default

Creates notches to the secondary beam.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Creates notches to the secondary beam. The cuts are square to the main beam web.

Creates notches to the secondary beam. The cuts are square to the secondary beam web.

Creates notches to the secondary beam. The vertical cut is square to the main beam, and the horizontal cut is square to the secondary beam.

Turns off automatic notching.

Notch size

Option

Description

Default

The notch size is measured from the edge of the main beam flange and from underneath the top flange of the main beam.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

The notch size is measured from the edge of the main beam flange and from underneath the top flange of the main beam.

The notch size is measured from the center line of the main beam and from the top flange of the main beam.

Enter the horizontal and vertical values for the cuts.

Flange cut shape

Option

Description

Default

Secondary beam flange is cut parallel to the main beam.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Secondary beam flange is cut parallel to the main beam.

Secondary beam flange is cut square.

Notch dimension rounding

Use the notch dimension rounding options to define whether the notch dimensions are rounded up. Even if the dimension rounding is set to active, the dimensions are rounded up only when necessary.

Option

Description

Default

Notch dimensions are not rounded.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Notch dimensions are not rounded.

Notch dimensions are rounded.

Enter the horizontal and vertical rounding values.

The dimensions are rounded up the nearest multiple of the value you enter. For example, if the actual dimension is 51 and you enter a round-up value of 10, the dimension is rounded up to 60.

Notch position

Option

Description

Default

Creates the cut below the main beam flange.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Creates the cut below the main beam flange.

Creates the cut above the main beam flange.

Notch chamfer

Option

Description

Default

The notch is not chamfered.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

The notch is not chamfered.

Creates the notch with a line chamfer.

The notch is chamfered according to the radius you enter.

Enter a radius for the chamfer.

Manual notching

Use manual notching when a part that does not belong to the connection clashes with the secondary beam. When you use manual notching, the connection creates cuts using the values you enter in the fields on the Notch tab. You can use different values for the top and the bottom flange.

Side of flange notch

The side of flange notch defines on which side of the beam the notches are created.

Option

Description

Default

Creates notches on both sides of the flange.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Automatic

Creates notches on both sides of the flange.

Creates notches on both sides of the flange.

Creates notches on the near side of the flange.

Creates notches on the far side of the flange.

Flange notch shape

The flange notch shape defines the notch shape in the beam flange.

Option

Description

Default

The entire flange of the secondary beam is cut as far back as you define.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Automatic

The entire flange of the secondary beam is cut as far back as you define. The default depth for the notch is twice the thickness of the secondary flange. The cut always runs the entire width of the secondary flange.

Creates chamfers in the flange.

If you do not enter a horizontal dimension, a chamfer of 45 degrees is created.

Creates cuts to the flange with default values unless you enter values in the fields 1 and 2.

The flange is not cut.

Creates cuts to the flange according to the value in the field 1 to make it flush with the web.

Creates cuts to the flange according to the values in the fields 1 and 2.

Flange notch depth

Option

Description

Default

Flange notch depth.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Flange notch depth.

Flange notch depth with a dimension from the secondary beam web center line to the edge of the notch.

Enter the value for flange notch depth.

Cut dimensions

 

Description

Default

1

Dimensions for the horizontal flange cuts.

10 mm

2

Dimensions for the vertical flange cuts.

The gap between the notch edge and the beam flange is equal to the main part web rounding. The notch height is rounded up to the nearest 5 mm.

Bolts tab

Use the Bolts tab to control the properties of the bolts that connect the end plate to the main part.

Bolt group dimensions

Bolt groupgroup of bolts that forms a connecting building object between an assembly main part and secondary parts

The number of bolts in a bolt group depends on the bolt group shape and the values of bolt distances.

dimensions affect the size of the end plate.

 

Description

1

Dimension for horizontal bolt group position.

2

Select how to measure the dimensions for horizontal bolt group position.

  • Left : From the left edge of the secondary part to the leftmost bolt.

  • Middle : From the center line of the secondary part to the center line of the bolts.

  • Right : From the right edge of the secondary part to the rightmost bolt.

3

Bolt edge distance.

Edge distance is the distance from the center of a bolt to the edge of the part.

4

Number of bolts.

5

Bolt spacing.

Use a space to separate bolt spacing values. Enter a value for each space between bolts. For example, if there are 3 bolts, enter 2 values.

6

Dimension for vertical bolt group position.

7

Select how to measure the dimensions for vertical bolt group position.

  • Top : From the upper edge of the secondary part to the uppermost bolt.

  • Middle : From the center line of the bolts to the center line of the secondary part.

  • Below : From the lower edge of the secondary part to the lowest bolt.

8

Distance from the bottom of the beam to the lowest bolt.

9

Define which bolts are deleted from the bolt group.

Enter the bolt numbers of the bolts to be deleted and separate the numbers with a space. Bolt numbers run from left to right and from top to bottom.

Bolt basic properties

Option

Description

Default

Bolt size

Bolt diameter.

Available sizes are defined in the bolt assembly catalog.

Bolt standard

Bolt standard to be used inside the component.

Available standards are defined in the bolt assembly catalog.

Tolerance

Gap between the bolt and the hole.

 

Thread in mat

Defines whether the thread may be within the bolted parts when bolts are used with a shaft.

This has no effect when full-threaded bolts are used.

Yes

Site/Workshop

Location where the bolts should be attached.

Site

Cut length

Defines the depth at which Tekla Structures searches for the sections of the bolted parts. You can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two.

Bolt comment

You can define a bolt comment.

Slotted holes

You can define slotted, oversized, or tapped holes.

Option

Description

Default

1

Vertical dimension of slotted hole.

0 , which results in a round hole.

2

Horizontal dimension of slotted hole, or allowance for oversized holes.

0 , which results in a round hole.

Hole type

Slotted creates slotted holes.

Oversized creates oversized or tapped holes.

No hole does not create holes.

 

Rotate Slots

When the hole type is Slotted , this option rotates the slotted holes.

 

Slots in

Part(s) in which slotted holes are created. The options depend on the component in question.

 

Bolt assembly

The selected check boxes define which component objects (bolt, washers, and nuts) are used in the bolt assemblyset of bolt elements that consists of a bolt, a stud, or a screw, and possibly the related washers and nuts

.

If you want to create a holesmall hollow open throughout a part or assembly that is usually used for fastening parts with bolts or other such objects

Hole is created in the same way as bolts and hole properties are defined in the bolt properties.

only, clear all the check boxes.

To modify the bolt assembly in an existing component, select the Effect in modify check box and click Modify.

Bolt length increase

Define how much the bolt length is increased. Use this option when, for example, painting requires the bolt length to be increased.

Bolting direction

Option

Description

Default

Bolting direction 1

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Bolting direction 1

Bolting direction 2

Staggering of bolts

Option

Description

Default

Not staggered

AutoDefaults can change this option.

Not staggered

Staggered type 1

Staggered type 2

Staggered type 3

Staggered type 4

Holes tab

Use the Holes tab to control the galvanizing holes in the end plate.

Option Description

Bolt standard

Select the bolt standard.

Bolt type

Select the bolt type to define the location where the bolts should be attached.

Number of holes

The center of a hole group is the middle point of the beam and the middle point of the haunch, if the haunch exists. The hole groups are composed of 0, 1, 2 or 4 holes.

Option

Description

Default

No holes

AutoDefaults can change this option.

No holes

1 hole

2 holes

4 holes

Hole positions

 

Description

1

Horizontal distance between the secondary beam center and the upper hole.

2

Horizontal distance between the secondary beam center and the lower hole.

3

Vertical distance between the secondary beam center and the upper hole.

4

Vertical distance between the secondary beam center and the lower hole.

5

Diameter of the lower hole.

6

Diameter of the upper hole.

Angle box tab

Use the Angle box tab to add a seat angleseat that represents an angle

. The purpose of seat angles is to carry loads from the secondary beam.

Seat angle

Option

Description

Top angle , Bottom angle

Seat angle thickness, width and height.

Option

Description

Default

Pos_No

Prefix and start number for the part position number.

Some components have a second row of fields where you can enter the assembly position number.

The default part start number is defined in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Material

Material grade.

The default material is defined in the Part material box in the Components settings in File menu > Settings > Options.

Name

Name that is shown in drawings and reports.

 

Finish

Describes how the part surface has been treated.

 

Seat angle position

Seat angles can be located on the top, bottom or both flanges of the secondary part.

Option

Description

Default

No seat angle is created.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

No seat angle is created.

A seat angle is created at the top of the flange of the beam.

A seat angle is created at the bottom of the flange of the beam.

Seat angles are created on both sides of the flange of the beam.

Seat angle orientation

Option

Description

Default

The longer leg of the seat angle is connected to the secondary beam.

AutoDefaults can change this option.

The longer leg of the seat angle is connected to the secondary beam.

The longer leg of the seat angle is connected to the main part.

Automatic

The longer leg of the seat angle is connected to the part where bolts reach furthest from the angle seat corner.

General tab

Click the link below to find out more:

General tab

Design type tab

Click the link below to find out more:

Design type tab

Analysis tab

Click the link below to find out more:

Analysis tab

Welds

Click the link below to find out more:

Create welds

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