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Sandwich wall window

Last updated March 12, 2019 by Tekla User Assistance tekla.documentation@trimble.com

Software version: 
2019

Sandwich wall window

Sandwich wall window

Sandwich wall window creates a rectangular window opening in a sandwich wallplate that represents a structure such as a wall or roof panel

In Tekla Structures, a panel is created by picking two or more points.

In cast-in-place concrete the term wall refers to a concept similar to panel.

, or alternatively, a window and a door opening. The opening is created through up to four parts (inner shell, foil, insulation, and outer shell). You can select whether the foil is created. A frame can be created, as well as extra foils and additional parts. The frame can be a wooden frame or a concrete border, added to the inner shell.

Objects created

  • Rectangular opening
  • Wooden frame or concrete border
  • Extra foils
  • Additional parts

Use for

Situation Description

Opening in a sandwich wall, with a wooden frame and foil layers.

Opening in a sandwich wall, with a concrete border in the inner shell.

Opening in a sandwich wall, with a door opening.

Selection order

  1. Select the inner shell of the sandwich wall.
  2. Pick the first position.
  3. Pick the second position.

    The second position point is needed to complete the input also if you have selected an option for only one input pointpoint that the user picks when creating a component

    in the component dialog box. In this case, the second point location does not matter.

    The opening is created automatically when the second position is picked.

Part identification key

  Part

1

Sandwich wall element

2

First picked position

3

Second picked position

Picture tab

Use the Picture tab to control the dimensions and parts of the opening.

Dimensions

Option Dimensions
Create Window

Create Window + Door

Set the Door location to Right side or Left side.

The options on the Door side detail tab and Door bottom detail tab are available when you set the Create option to Window + Door.

Option

Description

1

Set the points for the opening:

  • 2 points

    Pick two points to create the opening (points 2 and 3 in the image).

  • Point 1 B H

    Pick two points to create the opening. With this option, point 2 shown in the image is the reference point. Point 3 is only needed to complete the input. Define the width and height of the opening.

  • Point 2 B H

    Pick two points to create the opening. With this option, point 3 shown in the image is the reference point. Define the width and height of the opening.

  • 2 Points H

    Pick two points to create the opening (points 2 and 3 in the image). Define the height of the opening.

2

Vertical offset from the insertion point.

When you create Window + Door , this is the vertical offset for the window.

3

Horizontal offset from the insertion point.

4

Width of the opening.

When you create Window + Door , this is the width of the window.

5

Height of the window.

6

Width of the door.

7

Vertical offset for the door.

Select other layers

Option

Description

Insulation , Wall

Parts where the opening is created.

To create the opening to the insulation and the external layer parts, enter the class numbers.

If you do not enter any numbers, the opening is only created to the part you selected when applying the component.

Foil

You can use Sandwich wall window both for sandwich panels with a foil and for sandwich panels without a foil (default). If you have a sandwich panel with a foil, select Yes and enter the class number of the foil.

The frame shape options shown on the Bottom detail , Left detail , Right detail , and Top detail tabs depend on whether the foil is created or not.

Bottom detail tab / Left detail tab / Right detail tab

Use the Bottom detail tab, Left detail tab, and Right detail tab to control the size, position and shape of the opening bottom, left side, and right side, and the frame size and properties. On the Right detail tab, you can select that the right detail is created the same as the left detail.

Frame

Part

Description

Default

Frame

Define the frame profile by selecting the profile from the profile catalog.

50*50

Option Description
Pos_No Prefix and start number for the part position number.

You can enter the assembly position number on the second row.

Material Material grade.
Name Name that is shown in drawings and reports.
Class Part class number.

Frame shape

The options for inner and outer frame are the same regardless of whether the foil is created or not.

Inner

Outer

Description

Default

Cut or extension is not created.

AutoDefaults can change this option. Any of the three options is used depending on the frame size.

Cut or extension is not created.

Extension is created.

If the frame is narrower than the insulation, the concrete part is extended to fill the gap.

Cut is created.

If the frame is wider than the insulation, the concrete part is cut so that the frame fits.

Middle

Description

This option is available when the Foil option is set to Do not create on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when the Foil option is set to Do not create on the Picture tab.

Frame is not created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is not created.

Additional recess

Define the vertical and horizontal dimensions for the additional recess. By default, the recess is not created.

Frame corner cuts

Option

Description

Frame corners are not cut.

Define the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the frame corner cuts.

Continuous slope

Select whether frame edges are sloped.

Option Description

By length

By angle

You can set the length or the angle for both sides separately.

The default is that frame edges are not sloped.

Top detail tab

Use the Top detail tab to control the size, position, number, and shape of the opening top side.

Part

Part

Description

Default

Frame

Define the frame profile by selecting the profile from the profile catalog.

50*50

Foil2

Foil2 is the additional foil created only on the top side.

Define the thickness.

Option Description
Pos_No Prefix and start number for the part position number.

You can enter the assembly position number on the second row.

Material Material grade.
Name Name that is shown in drawings and reports.
Class Part class number.

Top frame shape

The options for inner and outer frame are the same regardless of whether the foil is created or not.

Inner

Outer

Description

Default

Cut or extension is not created.

AutoDefaults can change this option. Any of the three options is used depending on the frame size.

Cut or extension is not created.

Extension is created.

If the frame is narrower than the insulation, the concrete part is extended to fill the gap.

Cut is created.

If the frame is wider than the insulation, the concrete part is cut so that the frame fits.

Middle

Description

This option is available when the Foil option is set to Do not create on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when the Foil option is set to Do not create on the Picture tab.

Frame is not created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is not created.

Additional recess

Define the vertical and horizontal dimensions for the additional recess. By default, the recess is not created.

Frame corner cuts

Option

Description

Frame corners are not cut.

Horizontal and vertical dimensions of the frame corner cuts.

Drip mold

Option

Description

Drip mold is not created.

Drip mold is created. Define the mold dimensions.

Drip mold is created. Define the mold dimensions.

The drip mold can be created to any of the shape options. For example, if the shape has a bevel, the drip mold is created at the same angle as the bevel.

Continuous slope

Select whether frame edges are sloped.

Option Description

By length

By angle

You can set the length or the angle for both sides separately.

The default is that frame edges are not sloped.

Extra foils tab

Use the Extra foils tab to control the creation of extra foils on the top, bottom, right side, and left side of the opening.

Part

Part

Description

Default

Extra foil

Thickness of the foil.

50*50

Option Description
Pos_No Prefix and start number for the part position number.

You can enter the assembly position number on the second row.

Material Material grade.
Name Name that is shown in drawings and reports.
Class Part class number.

Extra foil dimensions

Description

1

Define whether extra foils are created.

2

Define the inside offset.

3

Define the foil width.

Shells to cut

Option

Description

All shells are cut.

The inner shell is not cut.

The inner shell and the foil are not cut.

The inner shell and the foil are not cut. An insulation extension is created.

Define the width and the material grade of the insulation extension.

The outer shell is cut.

Additional parts tab

Use the Additional parts tab to control the size, position, number, and alignment of additional parts.

Parts

Select whether additional parts, custom componentcomponent that the user creates and uses for creating model objects whose composition the user can modify as a group

parts, or no additional parts are created.

Part

Description

Default

Parts

Define the profile of the additional parts by selecting the profile from the profile catalog.

D5

Custom component parts

Define the custom component parts by selecting the component from the Applications & components catalog.

You can also use a configuration file to define the properties.

 
Option Description
Pos_No Prefix and start number for the part position number.

You can enter the assembly position number on the second row.

Material Material grade.
Name Name that is shown in drawings and reports.
Class Part class number.

Define distances

Select whether to define the distances between the parts by entering the distance dimensions on this tab or by using an external text file. You can use an external file to automate the creation of additional parts when window sizes differ.

The name of the external file is SandwichPanelWindowAdditionalParts.dat. The file is located in the ..\Environments\Common\system folder.

The image below shows an example of a local standard for creating additional parts. M is a module that is 100 mm.

The SandwichPanelWindowAdditionalParts.dat configuration file that contains the needed specifications for the example above is as follows:

BOTTOM;
0;599;1;1
600;1200;1;2;145
1201;1800;1;3;145
TOP;
1201;1800;1;1
LEFT;
0;599;1;1
600;1200;1;2;145
1201;2100;1;3;145
RIGHT;
0;599;1;1
600;1200;1;2;145
1201;2100;1;3;145

The keywords BOTTOM , TOP , LEFT and RIGHT define the side of the window the settings are applied to.

The syntax in the file is as follows: bmin;bmax;cm;nd;dmax;d1;d2;d3.

bmin Smallest window dimension to apply the setting.
bmax Biggest window dimension to apply the setting.
cm Creation method:
  • 1 means use the number of parts for nd.
  • 2 means use maximum spacing for nd.
nd Depending on the creation method ( cm ):
  • Number of parts, when cm is 1.
  • Maximum allowed distance between parts, when cm is 2.
d1 Distance from the start point to the first additional part (optional).
d2 Distance from the first additional part to the second (optional).
d3 Distance from the second additional part to the third (optional).

The additional parts are placed symmetrically, so distances d1 , d2 and d3 are also used from the end point. If the optional distances d1 , d2 and d3 are not defined, the parts are placed at equal distances.

In the image above 0;599;1;1 means that when the window width is equal or bigger than 0, but equal or less than 599, the creation method is by number of parts and 1 part should be created.

600;1200;2;300;145 would mean that when the window width is equal or bigger than 600, but equal or less than 1200, the creation method is use maximum spacing. The maximum allowed spacing between additional parts is 300 mm. The first part (and last part) distance is 145 mm. If the window width is 1200, three more parts are needed (1200 - 2x145)/300=3.03. The spacing between the additional parts will then be (1200 - 2x145)/4 = 227.5 mm.

Placement

Select whether additional part placement is the same or different on each side.

Option

Description

Placement dimensions for the bottom, left side, and right side.

If additional part placement is the same on each side, define the bottom dimensions only.

Placement dimensions for the top side.

Door edge options

The options for controlling door edges are available when you set the Create option to Window + Door on the Picture tab, and the Placement option to Different each side on the Additional parts tab.

Option Description
Create on door side No , Same as window side , Same as door side
Create in bottom detail No , Same as bottom

Connections tab

Use the Connections tab to control how the wooden frame, additional parts, extra foil, and extensions are connected to the shells.

Add

Option

Description

Wooden frame to , Additional parts , Extra foil to

Select to which part the wooden frame, additional parts, and extra foil are connected.

The Extra foil to option is shown if you have selected to create the foil on the Picture tab.

Connect extensions to their shells

Option

Description

Inside shell extension , Outside shell extension , Insulation shell extension , Foil extension

Select how the extension parts are connected to their main parts.

The Foil extension option is shown if you have selected to create the foil on the Picture tab.

Edge connection

Define the corner connection type for wooden frames.

Option Description

Cut both frames in a 45-degree angle.

Extend horizontal frames.

Extend vertical frames.

Door side detail tab / Door bottom detail tab

Use the Door side detail tab and Door bottom detail tab to control the size, position, and shape of the door side and bottom, and the frame size and properties.

Create door

The options on the Door side detail tab and Door bottom detail tab are available when you set the Create option to Window + Door on the Picture tab.

Same as options

  • Same as on the Door side detail tab:
    Select the door short side detail.
    • None
    • Same as window side follows the side setting of the window side.
    • Same as door side follows the door side setting.

    The door long side detail follows the setting of the corresponding window side.

  • Same as bottom on the Door bottom detail tab:

    Yes follows the setting of the bottom window.

Frame

Part

Description

Default

Frame

Define the frame profile by selecting the profile from the profile catalog.

50*50

Option Description
Pos_No Prefix and start number for the part position number.

You can enter the assembly position number on the second row.

Material Material grade.
Name Name that is shown in drawings and reports.
Class Part class number.

Frame shape

The options for inner and outer frame are the same regardless of whether the foil is created or not.

Inner

Outer

Description

Default

Cut or extension is not created.

AutoDefaults can change this option. Any of the three options is used depending on the frame size.

Cut or extension is not created.

Extension is created.

If the frame is narrower than the insulation, the concrete part is extended to fill the gap.

Cut is created.

If the frame is wider than the insulation, the concrete part is cut so that the frame fits.

Middle

Description

This option is available when the Foil option is set to Do not create on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when the Foil option is set to Do not create on the Picture tab.

Frame is not created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is created.

This option is available when you select Yes in the Foil option on the Picture tab.

Frame is not created.

Additional recess

Define the vertical and horizontal dimensions for the additional recess. By default, the recess is not created.

Frame corner cuts

Option

Description

Frame corners are not cut.

Define the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the frame corner cuts.

Door side frame extension

Option Description

Frame on the door side is created only to the bottom level of the window.

Frame on the door side is extended to the top level of the window.

Enter the extension distance in the box.

Continuous slope

Select whether frame edges are sloped.

Option Description

By length

By angle

You can set the length or the angle for both sides separately.

The default is that frame edges are not sloped.

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