Wall layout tools

Last updated August 8, 2017 by Tekla User Assistance tekla.documentation@trimble.com

Software version: 
2017

Wall layout tools

Wall layout tools

Wall Layout tools is a set of components that you can use for creating and modifying all common types of concrete walls, such as solid precast panels from single layers to double walls and sandwich walls, and different wallplate that represents a structure such as a wall or roof panel

In Tekla Structures, a panel is created by picking two or more points.

In cast-in-place concrete the term wall refers to a concept similar to panel.

structures that are cast on the site. The wall structure may contain several layers, for example, structural layers, insulation, void, and surface treatments. You can use direct modificationfunction that activates the mode where the model objects can be modified by using handles

Direct modification enables additional handles and modification options.

to flexibly change the wall geometry, layer offsets, openings, and seam lines.

Wall Layout tools are available in the Applications & components cataloguser interface for displaying or modifying information in categorized lists

For example, profile catalog and shape catalog are catalogs.

:

  • Wall layout is the main component in the set and it is used for defining the wall layout.
  • Wall layout connector connects the walls to each other.
  • Wall layout opening sets the default values for openings. Use direct modification to create and modify openings.
  • Wall layout seam divides the wall segment into two or more cast units by adding seams. Use direct modification to create seams.
  • Wall layout elementation divides the wall into elements according to length, height, number, weight, or crane lifting capacity.
  • Wall layout layer swapper is intended for changing the casting order of layers in a double wall. Only certain properties of the two layers are changed, such as name, classpart property that groups parts according to identifiers given by the user

    The identifiers of classes are usually numbers. Classes can be used for defining the color of parts in the model, for example. Class does not influence the numbering of model objects.

    , numberingprocess of assigning position numbers to parts, cast units, assemblies, or reinforcement

    In Tekla Structures, the position numbers assigned in the numbering are shown in marks and templates, for example.

    settings, and all UDAs. The geometry of the layers is not changed.

Wall layout

Wall layout creates a single wall or multiple straight wall segments. The wall can be a single-layer solid wall, a double wall, or a sandwich wall that has any number of layers.

Design workflow with Wall layout tools

  1. You can build a shape.
  2. You can build a shape and create openings.
  3. You can create wall type definitions.
  4. You can create wall elementation and define detailed wall geometry.
  5. You can define detailed connections, openings, embeds, and reinforcement.

Selection order

  1. Ensure that the Direct modification switch is active.
  2. Select Wall layout from the Applications & components catalog to access the direct modification toolbar.

  3. Do one of the following:
    • To create one or more straight wall segments, click, and then pick two or more points.

      Note that you can finish the creation to the first picked point to create a closed wall structure.

    • To create the wall layout as a closed wall, click, and then pick two or more points.

      Wall layout will automatically connect the first and the last point that you have picked.

  4. Click the middle mouse button to create the wall.

Depending on how many points you pick and how you pick the points, one or more straight wall segments or a closed wall is created in the model. Each created straight segment is a separate instance of the Wall layout component that you can modify separately. When you create two or more wall segments, an instance of the Wall layout connector component is added between each wall segment.

In the image below, there are four wall segments in an open shape between the picked points, 1 - 5, and three wall layout connectors at points 2, 3 and 4. If you had created a closed wall, there would be a fifth wall segment between points 5 and 1.

General tab

Use the General tab to define the basic properties for the whole Wall layout component. The properties on all other tabs are layer-specific, and apply to the layer that you have currently selected in the layer list.

Option Description
H , Z1 , Z0

You have four options for defining the height and the global Z coordinates:

  • Define the wall bottom level according to the creation points, and the Position in depth option and value. Define the height with the H option.
  • Define the wall bottom level with the Z0 option (global Z coordinate), and the height with the H option.
  • Define the wall top level with the Z1 option (global Z coordinate), and the height with the H option.
  • Define the wall bottom level with the Z0 option (global Z coordinate), and the wall top level with the Z1 option (global Z coordinate).

You can use the H option to modify the height of rectangular walls. If you change the wall shape so that it is not rectangular, you cannot define height with this option. Use direct modification instead.

Total thickness

Enter the total thickness of the wall layout. Layer thickness is calculated based on the total thickness.

Use the total thickness for double walls where the thickness of the void layer or the CIP layer is often flexible. This means that Wall layout can adjust the thickness so that the total thickness is as defined.

  • If there are no flexible layers in the wall layout, you can leave the total thickness option empty. Total thickness is not used if there are no flexible layers.
  • If there is more than one flexible layer, the thickness is divided equally between those layers.
Cast unit name Enter a name for the cast unit.
Prefix Enter a prefix for the cast unit.
Start number Enter a start number for the cast unit.
Position in plane Define the wall layout location in relation to the line between the input points.

Enter the offset distance, if needed.

Position in depth Define the wall layout vertical location in relation to the line between the input points.

Enter the offset distance, if needed.

Layer tab

Use the Layer tab to define the properties of a single layer. Select the layer in the layer list, or in the preview image.

Layer list

Layers Description Example

The layer list shows the layers of the wall.

Use the buttons to control the number and the order of the layers:

  • Clickto add a new layer.
  • Clickto remove the selected layer.
  • Clickto change the order of the layers by moving the selected layer up or down in the list.

Use the check box in front of the layer name to control whether the properties of the selected layer are modified.

Use the leftmost check box to control whether the number of layers and the order of the layers are modified when you modify the Wall layout component.

The example image below shows a preview of the wall layers. The image is automatically updated when you change the layer type. The selected layer is highlighted with a magenta frame.

Layer properties

Option Description
Layer name Enter a name for the layer. This name is shown in the layer list.

Layer names are also shown in the direct modification toolbar when you modify wall boundary offsets. You can select which layer to modify.

Layer names are not visible in reports or drawings.

Layer type
  • Structure : Typically used for solid walls, double walls, and the concrete layers of sandwich walls. Use this type if you want to create a cast-in-place layer between double wall layers instead of a void.
  • Insulation : Insulation layer in a sandwich wall. Insulation gets a different density in Wall layout elementation (100 kg/m³).
  • Void : Void between double wall layers. Use this type if you do not want to create any parts for the layer.
  • Foil : Typically a very thin layer which is not detailed in the corners.
  • Surface : Surface treatment on top of a structural layer. Typically, a surface layer is the first and/or the last layer.
  • Component : Layer is not created as a part. Instead, an instance of the component selected in the Layer component option is added.
Layer elementation Select whether the layer is split into two pieces using seams.
Layer creation Select how the layer is created to the precast cast unit:
  • Add to cast unit : All layer parts are added to a single main cast unit.
  • Add as sub-assembly : The layer part is added as a sub-assembly to the main cast unit.
  • Do not add to cast unit : The layer part is not added to the main cast unit. It will be its own assembly or cast unit. This option changes the concrete type from precast to cast in place.
Layer component Select a component when you have set the layer type to Component. Instead of creating the layer as a part, an instance of the component is created.
Attribute settings

Select an attribute file for the layer component.

If you need specific component properties for the layer component, you can define the properties in the component dialog box and save them as an attribute file.

Layer thickness Enter the layer thickness.

You can leave the layer thickness empty to let Wall layout set the layer thickness so that the total thickness is correct as defined on the General tab. The void layer or the CIP layer in a double wall can often have a flexible thickness.

Part name , Class , Material , Pour phase , Surface treatment , Prefix , Start number Define the name, class, material, part prefix and start number of the layer part. Define the pour phase for CIP layers. Select the surface treatment when you have set the layer type to Surface.

Vertical offset tab

Use the Vertical offset tab to define the vertical offsets of each layer at the top and bottom horizontal edges of the wall layout.

Note that you can define the offsets at any other edge by using direct modification and seams.

UDA tab

Use the UDA tab to define the user-defined attributes of each layer part in the wall layout.

Note that the content of the UDA tab may vary depending on your Tekla Structures environment. You can customize the content of the UDA tab.

Modify the wall layout

Modify the geometry of the wall layout

You can use direct modification to modify the wall layout. Before you start, ensure that the Direct modification switch is active. Select the wall layout to display the direct modification toolbar. To modify the wall layout, select the appropriate command from the toolbar.

You can modify the outer edges of the wall layout by dragging the edges and corner handles. You can also insert vertices by dragging the edge midpoint handles, and delete vertices by selecting a corner handle or edge, and pressing the Delete key.

In addition to the standard polygon modification, you can drag the special line handles at the ends of the wall layout to make the wall layout shorter or longer. You can also drag the line handle perpendicular to the wall layout by holding down the Alt key while dragging.

As an alternative to dragging the line handle, you can drag the dimension arrowhead. If you know how much you want to shorten or lengthen the wall layout, select the dimension arrowhead and enter the value by which you want the dimension to change. Note that you can use the dimension arrowheads and line handles in a plan view whereas polygon modification is possible only in 3D or section views.

Modify the offset at layer edges

Use the Modify wall boundary offsets command on the direct modification toolbar to modify the offsets of the layers at the outer edges of the wall layout, or at the edges of the openings or seams. Select the layer that you are going to modify from the list on the toolbar.


You have three options for modifying the offset at a particular edge:

  • Drag the line handle at the edge. You can only drag the line handle perpendicular to the edge.
  • Drag the dimension arrowhead and enter the measurement value.
  • Select the line handle and enter a new offset value.

    You can select two or more line handles by holding down the Shift key when selecting the handles.

You can modify the top and bottom offsets at the outer edges in the Wall layout dialog box, and the seam offsets in the Wall layout seam dialog box.

You can define that a certain layer is not cut with the opening. First select the opening. On the direct modification toolbar, select the layer and then Do not create.

Wall layout opening

Use direct modification to add openings to wall layouts. Before you start, ensure that the Direct modification switch is active.

To add an opening, select the wall layout and then select the appropriate direct modification command. You can create either rectangular or polygonal openings.

Note:

Use the Wall layout opening tool from the Applications & components catalog only if you want to change the default settings of the openings. You can define the default settings for adding an opening, and set whether to apply detailing and define detailing attributes.

Add an opening to a wall layout

Option Description

Add an opening by picking the opening length in the wall. There are five different dimension options to define the opening bottom and top level. To cycle through the options, click the opening dimension button until it shows the wanted option. The button is marked with a blue frame in the example image on the left.

The five options are:

  • Enter the distance between the bottom of the wall and the bottom of the opening, 800.00 in this example, and the height of the opening, 2400.00. If Position in depth values are used, the bottom distance is measured from the creation points.
  • Enter the distance between the bottom of the wall and the bottom of the opening, and the distance between the bottom of the wall and the top of the opening. If Position in depth values are used, the bottom distance is measured from the creation points.
  • Enter the global Z coordinate of the opening bottom level, and the height of the opening.
  • Enter the height of the opening, and the global Z coordinate of the opening top level.
  • Enter the global Z coordinate of the opening bottom level, and the global Z coordinate of the opening top level.

You can use an architectural drawing as a reference model where you can pick the opening width and the location.

Add a rectangular opening by picking two points.

Add a polygonal opening by picking three or more points.

Modify an opening in a wall layout

Option Description

Modify the geometry of an opening

You can modify an opening in the same way as the outer edges of the wall layout by using the appropriate direct modification command. You can:

  • Drag the edges.
  • Drag the corner handles.
  • Insert vertices by dragging the edge midpoint handles.
  • Delete vertices by selecting the corner handle or edge, and pressing the Delete key.

In addition, you can modify the start or the end of the opening by dragging the line handles, or by using the dimension arrowheads.

Move and copy an opening

  1. Select an opening by selecting a face inside the opening.
  2. Start dragging the selected face.
  3. To create a copy of the opening, hold down the Ctrl key.

    To move an opening without changing the shape of the opening, drag the face handle to the desired location.

Delete an opening

Select a face inside the opening and press the Delete key.

Modify the opening detailing

Wall layout can create an opening without any details. Wall layout can also create a detailed opening by inserting an instance of the Sandwich wall window component, which can create a detailed window, or a window + door opening combination.

To create a detailed opening, select the opening. Activate detailing on the direct modification toolbar and select the attributes for Sandwich wall window. Note that you can only use detailing components for rectangular openings, or openings that connect a window and a door with the same top edge line.

Wall layout seam

When you create a wall layout, it is at first a single precast wall. Wall layout seam divides the wall layout into two or more precast wall pieces. In the wall layout, the wall layout layers that have the Layer elementation option set to Yes in the Wall layout dialog box are divided.

Add and modify wall layout seams

Use the Modify seams command on the direct modification toolbar to add and modify seams. Modify seams opens the Wall layout seam dialog box where you can define the seam properties for each wall layer separately.

Select the layer in the preview image and define the properties.

Option Description

  1. Define the gap dimension at the seam.
  2. Define the gap offset from the seam input position.

Create a connection component

Select Yes to create a connection between the two layer parts at the seam.

When you select Yes , you can define the other component options.

Component name

Select a connection component from the Applications & components catalog.

Component attributes

Select the attribute file for the connection.

Component primary input

Select which wall piece is the first input part for the connection, seam, or other components created at the seam.

Option Description

Add a vertical seam

Use the New seam command to add a vertical seam. Pick a point to create the seam.

Note that New seam is selected automatically when you use the Modify seams command and the wall layout does not have any seams yet.

Add a polyseam

Use the New polyseam command to add a polyseam. Pick two or more points to create the seam.

Polyseams can contain vertical, horizontal, and sloping segments. Extend the start and the end of the polyseam to make it clearly cross the edges of the wall it is dividing.

Move a seam

Move a vertical seam by dragging the seam.

You can also move vertical seams by dragging the horizontal line handle or the dimension arrowhead.

Move and modify a polyseam like any other polygonal object.

Copy a seam

Copy a vertical seam or a polyseam by holding down the Ctrl key and dragging the seam.

Delete a seam

Delete a vertical seam by selecting the seam handle and pressing the Delete key.

Delete a polyseam by deleting all segments of the polyseam.

Modify the seam properties

  1. Select a vertical seam or a segment of a polyseam. When you select the first seam, the current properties of the seam are loaded into the Wall layout seam dialog box.
  2. Select two or more seams. Hold down the Shift key and then select the vertical seams, or the segments of a polyseam.
  3. When you have selected the seams, modify the properties in the dialog box and click Modify.

Wall layout connector

Use Wall layout connector to apply a connection between two wall layouts. Wall layout connector fits the layer parts at the corners. You can control the corner gaps by extending or shorteningdeforming that decreases the modeled length of a part in a drawing by a value the user has entered

Shortening is used when the parts are manufactured shorter than modeled.

the layers of the walls, and by adding connections between the connected layer parts. Wall layout connector can also add connections between the layer parts when you are using a connection component at the corners.

Note that if you have created several wall layouts at one go using the Wall layout tool, wall layout connectors are automatically added between the wall layouts. Wall layout connector is updated automatically when you change the wall type.

If you create a wall layout and later add another next to it, you can add a connection between them using the Wall layout connector component in the Applications & components catalog. Select the two wall layouts to create the connection. Ensure that you select the wall layout component instance, not a single object created by the wall layout. The connector is created when you select the second wall layout.

Wall layout connector properties

Option Description

Define how the layer parts are fitted.

Click the button three times to cycle through the three different corner set-up options.

Define whether the panel ends are square or sloped.

You can use this option to set a typical corner detail for double walls.

This option is also applied in a connection component used between the layer parts.

Free space A

Define the gap between the two layer parts.

The preview image shows where the gap is located. The gap location depends on the corner set-up.

End offset B

Define the end offset of the longer part.

The preview image shows where the offset is located. The offset depends on the corner set-up.

Connection

Select a connection component that is created between the two layer parts.

If you do not select a connection, only fittings are added according to the gap and the end offsets. If you want to view the current connector properties, select the wall layout connector or double-click the fitting created by the connector.

Attributes

If you have added a connection, select an attribute file for it.

Connection main part

If you have added a connection, set the connection main part.

Wall layout elementation

Wall layout elementation automatically adds new seams to divide the wall layout into two or more precast wall pieces.

Openings are taken into account when adding the seams. Openings may affect the final seam position so that the final length or weight of the precast wall is less than the target value.

Note:

Weight calculations are based on the wall layout geometry. Any other additional parts in the walls are not taken into account in the calculation. The density in weight calculation is 2500 kg/m³ for the structural layer type and 100 kg/m³ for the insulation layer.

Option Description

Create seams

  • By length : Enter one or more desired lengths. If it is not possible divide the wall using the first length, Wall layout elementation tries to use the next length you have entered, and so on.
  • By number : Enter the number of walls you want to create.
  • By weight : Enter the desired weight of a wall piece. The wall layout is divided so that the weight of the precast walls is as close to the desired weight as possible.
  • By crane lifting weight : Divides the wall layout so that the weight of the precast walls is as close to the maximum lifting capacity as possible.

Min length

Enter the minimum length of a wall piece.

Max length

Enter the maximum length of a wall piece.

This value is used with all creation methods.

Max weight

Enter the maximum weight of a wall piece.

This value is used with all creation methods.

Max crane lifting weight

Select the crane used for erection.

When the crane is selected, the maximum weight of the walls is always less than the lifting capacity of the crane.

To define a crane set-up, open the Crane properties dialog box by clicking the button on the right:

  1. Pick the crane location in the model, or enter the X and Y values.
  2. Enter the crane lifting capacity data in the table. Enter the distance in the from-near-to-far order.
  3. Save the crane set-up.

    You can use the crane name when saving the set-up.

To modify and review the existing crane set-up, select the crane set-up from the list in the Crane properties dialog box. Click Preview to see the crane location on the lifting graph visualized in the model view.

Avoid openings

Select whether the seams may cross the opening.

If the seams may not cross the opening, enter the minimum distance from the opening.

Distribution direction

Select the direction of the seams, and the start end at the wall layout.

You can add both vertical and horizontal seams.

Seam settings

Select the seam attributes used for new seams.

Ensure that the layer offsets are set properly as they may affect the weight and length of the wall.

Create to selected walls

Select the wall layout and click the Create to selected walls button to insert the seams. You can select one or multiple wall layouts.

Wall layout layer swapper

Use Wall layout layer swapper to swap the structural precast layers of one single wall in a wall layout, typically a double wall. You can swap the order of some individual walls in the same wall line if they need to be cast in a different order.

To swap layers, select Wall layout layer swapper in the Applications & components catalog, then select a wall layout and the wall part that you want to swap.

When you use the swapper tool, a triangular handleis shown at each location of the tool . You can drag these handles to modify the wall to be swapped. To swap another wall in the layout, you can copy the swapper to another location by holding down the Ctrl key while dragging.

You can delete the swapper instances by selecting the swapper handles and pressing the Delete key.

Customize the wall layout

You can customize the content of the UDAobject property created by the user in order to widen the range of predefined object properties

User-defined attributes are used when the predefined object properties are not sufficient but more properties are needed. For example, comment, locked, and erection status are user-defined attributes.

tab by using the WallLayout.Udas.dat file. The WallLayout.Udas.dat file can be located in any of the folders set in the XS_FIRM , XS_PROJECT or XS_SYSTEM advanced optionssettings used to customize Tekla Structures for specific companies, standards, users, or user groups

In Tekla Structures, advanced options are settings that are used, for example, in a specific project or geographical area, or by a specific company.

In Tekla Structures, advanced options usually begin with the initials XS and are followed by the name of the function, for example XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR.

. The file is never read from the model folderfolder that is used for storing files associated with a model

Tekla Structures stores all files associated with a model in a folder it creates with the same name as the model database (.db1).

In multi-user mode all users access the same model folder.

.

You can use the file to control which user-defined properties of the created layer parts can be used in the wall layout. We recommend that you only use UDAs that are typically common for all precast walls in one wall layout.

The sample file shown below contains a full description of all the settings and the format of the file. The lines starting with '//' are comment lines.

//
// Customized user defined attributes (UDA) for layer parts created by wall layout component
//
// Each row shall contain 2 or 3 fields separated by tab(s) or semicolon.
// Please note that all uda names shall be unique
//
// Field 1: The data type of the attribute. Valid values are 'distance', 'float', 'option',
//          'integer' and 'string' compatible with the actual user defined attributes as
//          specified in objects.inp
// Field 2: UDA name. This is the name of the user defined attribute set for the layer part.
// Field 3: Label. This text is shown in the wall layout UDA tab page if the uda is not
//          defined in objects.inp. Label can be a translatable label or any text or empty text.
//
string  comment   j_comment 
string  USER_FIELD_1  j_user_field_1
string  USER_FIELD_2  j_user_field_2
string  USER_FIELD_3  j_user_field_3
string  USER_FIELD_4  j_user_field_4

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Comments

by Andreas Zieritz

Is it possible to make curved walls with that tool as well?

by Elja Kontturi

No, this tool only supports straight wall segments.